PRESENT PERFECT

PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST SIMPLE: ENGLISH



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BFbMg1h--DQ

PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST SIMPLE: EXPLANATION IN SPANISH



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTVMEwp88LM&feature=youtu.be

PRESENT PERFECT: USE, FORM AND MARKERS

Use:


The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.
  • puts emphasis on the resultExample: She has written five books.
  • action that is still going onExample: School has not started yet.
  • action that stopped recentlyExample: She has cooked a delicious meal.
  • finished action that has an influence on the presentExample: I have lost my English book.
  • action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speakingExample: I have never been to Paris.

Form:

Subject + Have/Has + Past Participle
+ I have lived in Paris since 1991
- I have never been to Paris
? Have you ever been to Paris?

Markers

For, since, already, yet, ever, just, till now, so far.

Present Perfect or Past Simple?

  1. The present perfect is used when the time period has not finished: This week I have watched three films. VS. The simple past is used when the time period has finished. Last week I watched three films.
  2. The present perfect is often used with recent news Peter has broken his leg. VS. The past simple is used with old information. Peter broke his leg last summer.
  3. The present perfect is used when time is not specified I have already seen that film VS. The past simple has a specific point in time I saw that film last week.

















Practice Time
PRACTICE.jpg

Here you have a self correcting exercise. (Fill in the gaps)




















Download the file and then watch the video and complete.