chickenerror.jpg



USE
We use the passive voice when we want to focus on the action.
The Subject of the action is not important or unknown.

STRUCTURE
  • The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
  • The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence
  • Subject + verb "to be" + past participle + by + object: The verb to be goes in the same tense as the main verb in the active voice.
  • The by-phrase can be sometimes be ommitted: They read the book in class: The book was read in class.

FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE

PASSIVEVOICE1.png


EXAMPLES
TENSE
ACTIVE
PASIVE
PRESENT SIMPLE
THE POLICE ARRESTS THE THIEF
THE THIEF IS ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
PRESENT CONTINUOUS
THE POLICE IS ARRESTING THE THIEF
THE THIEF IS BEING ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
PAST SIMPLE
THE POLICE ARRESTED THE THIEF
THE THIEF WAS ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
PAST CONTINUOUS
THE POLICE WAS ARRESTING THE THIEF
THE THIEF WAS BEING ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
THE POLICE HAS ARRESTED THE THIEF
THE THIEF HAS BEEN ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
THE POLICE HAD ARRESTED THE THIEF
THE THIEF HAD BEEN ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
FUTURE
THE POLICE WILL ARREST THE THIEF
THE THIEF WILL BE ARRESTED BY THE POLICE
MODALS
THE POLIVE SHOULD ARREST THE THIEF
THE THIEF SHOULD BE ARRESTED BY THE POLICE

VERB TO BE
Present
BE
Past
BE
Future
BE
Present Simple
I am
You are
He/She/It is
We are
You are
They are
Past Simple
I was
You were
He/She/It was
We were
You were
They were
Simple: "Will"
WILL BE
Present continuous
I am being
You are being
He/She/It is being
We are being
You are being
They are being
Past Continuous
I was being
You were being
He/She/It was being
We were being
You were being
They were being
Be going to
I am going to be
You are going to be
He/She/It is going to be
We are going to be
You are going to be
They are going to be
Present Perfect
I have been
You have been
He/She/It has been
We have been
You have been
They have been
Past Perfect
HAD BEEN








MODALS
BE




Should/Must...
Have/Has to...
Should/Must be
Have/Has to be






VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS
Someone gave me a book for my birthday:
  • I was given a book for my birthday
  • This book was given to me for my birthday.



WHO WROTE MACBETH?
macbeth.jpg

MACBETH WAS WRITTEN BY SHAKESPEARE

=


LANGUAGE OF NEWS

=

NEWS_001.png





PRACTICE TIME!

PRACTICE TIME.jpg