FUTURE FORMS

WILL


FORM
+ They will go to the cinema.
- They will not go to the cinema.
? Will they go to the cinema?

USE
- Making predictions or giving opinions about the future. I won't do your homework for you
- Spontaneous decisions. Decisions made as speaking: Those bags look heavy, I'll carry them for you.
- Promises: Don't worry, I'll be careful.

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GOING TO


FORM
+ I am going to go to the library tomorrow evening.
- I am not going to go to the library tomorrow evening.
? Are you going to go to the library tomorrow?

USE
Planned events or arrangements
Predicitions on what can be seen at the moment. (Look at those clouds! It's going to rain!)

IMPORTANT: The adverb goes between the auxiliary and the main verb: I will never do that again, I promise.


FUTURE CONTINUOUS

FORM:
SUBJECT + WILL + VERB TO BE + MAIN VERB + ING
+ This time next month, I will be studying for my final exams.
- This time next month, I will not be studying for my final exams.
? Will you be studying for your final exams?

USE
- Interrupted action in the future: to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future.
- Paralell actions: When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time.















FUTURE PERFECT

FORM:
SUBJECT + WILL + (NOT) + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE
+ This time next year I will have finished bachillerato.
- This time next year I won't have finished bachillerato.
? Will you have finished bachillerato next year?

USE
- Completed action before something in the future: The Future Perfect expresses the idea that something will occur before another action in the future. It can also show that something will happen before a specific time in the future.
- Duration before something in the future (non-continuous verbs) we use the Future Perfect to show that something will continue up until another action in the future. (A non continuous verb is a verb that is rarely used in continuous tenses)




















IMPORTANT: Future forms cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.


WILL AND GOING TO, FUTURE PERFECT, FUTURE CONTINUOUS

WILL
BE GOING TO
FUTURE PERFECT
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
FORM
SJ + WILL + VERB IN BARE INFINITIVE
SJ + BE GOING TO + VERB + COMPLEMENT
SUBJECT + WILL + HAVE (NOT) + 3RD COLUMN/ED + COMPL
SUBJECT WILL (NOT) BE + VERB+ING + COMPL.
USE
- Making predictions or giving opinions about the future.
I think it will rain tomorrow.
- Spontaneous decisions. I think I'll have fish and chips for lunch.
- Promises and threats:
I promise I'll be there
- Planned events
I am going to play tennis tomorrow.

- Prediction on evidence
Look at those clouds, It's going to rain for sure!
- A certain action will be completed in the future.
This time next year I will have finished writing my book.
- Action that will be in progress in the future.
I'll be studying English at half past six.
- Describe an activity that covers a future period.
I will be living in London for the next three months.
- Describe future event which has already been arranged.
I'll be working at home tomorrow.


PRACTICE






Future Perfect and Continuous